ISCAT2018


2ND INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON CRITICAL AND ANALYTICAL THINKING
Istanbul University Congress and Cultural Center 27 April 2018

Keynote Speakers

Asc. Prof. Dr. Ahmet Ayhan ÇİTİL
Asc. Prof. Dr. Ahmet Ayhan ÇİTİL
Topic
Critical thinking and the process of self actualisation in academy
Position
29 Mayis University Philosophy Department
Abstract

will be added soon...
Abstract & CV


Dr. Tracy Bowell
Dr. Tracy Bowell
Topic
Truth is our only weapon: critical thinking and post-truth
Position
University of Waikato (New Zealand), Pro-Vice Chancellor (Teaching and Learning)
Abstract

Truth is our only weapon: critical thinking and post-truth The dangers of giving ground to a new, post-truth, order of discourse are recognised in President Obama’s call to arms: If we are not serious about facts and what’s true and what’s not, if we can’t discriminate between serious arguments and propaganda, then we have problems. On the face of it, in response to such a call, there is an urgent need to reassert the value of good argument and of critical thinking. Indeed, in the present environment in which governments present alt facts, and mainstream journalism is disparaged by some politicians, critical thinking is being seen by some as a form of activism. When I teach and write about critical thinking, I often present critical thinking as transformative and as a source of empowerment, a means of acquiring knowledge and habits of mind that enable one to speak truth to power. But the echo chamber of social media sourced news and current affairs coverage makes it harder to acquire and employ the skills and habits of mind of which responsible and critical inquiry are comprised. In critical thinking instruction we emphasise that reaching the true or most likely belief involves examining candidate claims against a background of evidence, testing whether you would be justified in holding them. But if the evidence is sourced solely from within our own echo chamber, it is likely simply to reinforce our beliefs. And thus the oft-cited goal of what Richard Paul calls ‘deep sense’ critical thinking, that of taking and performing a critical stance towards our own deeply held beliefs, is undermined by the echo, within the chamber we encounter only those claims that resonate with us. . In the early parts of this talk I address the challenges to good argumentation and reasoning posed by the post-truth order, arguing that we need a critical thinking pedagogy that not only teaches the skills of good reasoning and critical analysis of others’ reasoning, but that enculturates the values of which responsible inquiry is comprised, values such as open-mindedness and epistemic humility; that teaches that the ad hominem attack is not a legitimate form of political discourse; that teaches how to recognise proper authority and how to avoid deference to false authority; that leads away from and enables the awareness of Intellectual vices – gullibility, close mindedness, intellectual arrogance and wishful thinking. In the later parts of this talk, I reflect upon the need to respect the role of emotion as part of our response to the world and of our lived experiences of it. Many of the responses that we have when thinking about and discussing socio-political issues are both cognitive and affective. The need to acknowledge and accommodate this contrasts with the traditional approach to argument and critical thinking and with standard approaches to instruction, according to which emotion has no place in critical thinking, but is instead the preserve of rhetoric. This does not mean that we should also become teachers of rhetoric. Rather we need to harness the potential of emotion and the facts of lived experiences as a route to reason – as a means of opening up the mind to considering alternative ways of thinking and of being, rather than simply pointing out falsehoods. Dr T. Bowell University of Waikato Aotearoa/New Zealand 2018
Abstract & CV


Dr. M. Tekamül Büber
Dr. M. Tekamül Büber
Topic
Logical mathematical thinking and applications in decision making
Position
Senior Principal Engineer, Maury Microwave, CA, USA
Abstract


Abstract & CV